Edgar Degas

France, 1834-1917
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Edgar Degas oil paintings
Edgar Degas : Cafe Concert Singer
1878 Pastel on canvas, Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachussetts, USA
Edgar Degas : Portrait in a New Orleans Cotton Office
1873 Oil on canvas, Musee d'Orsay, Paris, France
Edgar Degas : Song of the Dog
c.1876 - 1877 Gouache, Private collection
Edgar Degas : Ballet Rehearsal on Stage
1874, Oil on canvas, Musee d'Orsay, Paris, France
Edgar Degas : Dance Class
1874 Oil on canvas, Private collection
Edgar Degas : Dance Class II
c.1871 Oil on wood, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Manhattan, New York, USA
Edgar Degas : Orchestra Musicians
1870 - 1871 Oil on canvas, Stadtische Galerie im Stadelschen Kunsstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, Hessen, Germany
Edgar Degas : The Orchestra of the Opera
c.1870 Oil on canvas, Musee d'Orsay, Paris, France
Edgar Degas : Woman Ironing
c.1869 Oil on canvas Alte Pinakothek, Munich, Bavaria, Germany
Edgar Degas : The Bellelli Family
1859 - 1860 Oil on canvas, Musee d'Orsay, Paris, France
Edgar Degas : After the Bath, Woman Drying Herself
c.1895 - 1900 Pastel on tracing paper, Courtauld Institute Galleries, London, England
Edgar Degas : At the Mirror
c.1889 Pastel on paper, Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany
Edgar Degas : After the Bath
c.1885 Pastel on paper laid on board, Public collection
Edgar Degas : At the Races, Before the Start
c.1885 - 1892 Oil on canvas, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia, USA
Edgar Degas : Ballerina and Lady with a Fan
1885 Pastel on paper, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Edgar Degas : After the Bath II
c.1883 Pastel on joined paper, Public collection
Edgar Degas : At the Milliner's
1883 Pastel on paper, Public collection
Edgar Degas : At the Milliner's II
1882 Pastel on gray heavy wove paper, Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection, Madrid, Spain
Edgar Degas : At the Milliner's III
c.1882 Pastel on paper, Museum of Modern Art, New York City, New York, USA
Edgar Degas : Before the Race
1882 Oil on panel, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, Massachusetts, USA
Edgar Degas : At the Ballet
c.1880 - 1881 Pastel on paper, Public collection
Edgar Degas : Before the Rehearsal
c.1880 Pastel, Private collection
Edgar Degas : Dancer at the Barre
c.1880 Pastel on paper, Shelburne Museum, Vermont, USA
Edgar Degas : Diego Martelli
1879 Oil on canvas, National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland
Edgar Degas : Edmond Duranty
1879 Tempera and pastel on canvas, Glasgow Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow, Scotland
Edgar Degas : L'Etoile
c.1878 Pastel, Private collection
Edgar Degas : At the Races, Gentlemen Jockeys
c.1877 - 1880 Oil on canvas, Private collection
Edgar Degas : Aux Ambassadeurs
1877 Pastel, Private collection
Edgar Degas : Absinthe
1876 Oil on canvas, Private collection
Edgar Degas : Beach Scene
1876 Oil on paper mounted on board, National Gallery, London, England
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Biography
Artist photo

Edgar Degas born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas; (19 July 1834 - 27 September 1917) was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance; more than half of his works depict dancers. He is regarded as one of the founders of Impressionism, although he rejected the term, and preferred to be called a realist. He was a superb draftsman, and particularly masterly in depicting movement, as can be seen in his renditions of dancers, racecourse subjects and female nudes. His portraits are notable for their psychological complexity and for their portrayal of human isolation.

At the beginning of his career, he wanted to be a history painter, a calling for which he was well prepared by his rigorous academic training and close study of classic art. In his early thirties, he changed course, and by bringing the traditional methods of a history painter to bear on contemporary subject matter, he became a classical painter of modern life.

Degas was born in Paris, France, into a moderately wealthy family. He was the eldest of five children of Célestine Musson De Gas, a Creole from New Orleans, and Augustin De Gas, a banker. Degas (he adopted this less grandiose spelling of his family name when he became an adult) began his schooling at age eleven, enrolling in the Lycee Louis-le-Grand. His mother died when he was thirteen, and his father and grandfather became the main influences on him for the remainder of his youth.

Degas began to paint early in life. By the time he graduated from the Lycee in 1853, at age 18, with a baccalaureat in literature, he had turned a room in his home into an artist's studio. Upon graduating, he registered as a copyist in the Louvre Museum, but his father expected him to go to law school. Degas duly enrolled at the Faculty of Law of the University of Paris, in November 1853, but applied little effort to his studies. In 1855, Degas met Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, whom he revered, and whose advice he never forgot: "Draw lines, young man, and still more lines, both from life and from memory, and you will become a good artist." In April of that year, Degas was admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts. He studied drawing there with Louis Lamothe, under whose guidance he flourished, following the style of Ingres. In July 1856, Degas traveled to Italy, where he would remain for the next three years. In 1858, while staying with his aunt's family in Naples, he made the first studies for his early masterpiece, The Bellelli Family. He also drew and painted numerous copies of works by Michelangelo, Raphael, Titian, and other Renaissance artists, but-contrary to conventional practice-he usually selected from an altarpiece a detail that had caught his attention-a secondary figure, or a head which he treated as a portrait.



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